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Article Comparison - International Convention against Doping in Sport

Article 2

These definitions are to be understood within the context of the World Anti-Doping Code. However, in case of conflict the provisions of the Convention will prevail.

For the purposes of this Convention:

1. “Accredited doping control laboratories” means laboratories accredited by the World Anti Doping Agency.

2. “Anti-doping organization” means an entity that is responsible for adopting rules for initiating, implementing or enforcing any part of the doping control process. This includes, for example, the International Olympic Committee, the International Paralympic Committee, other major event organizations that conduct testing at their events, the World Anti-Doping Agency, international federations and national anti-doping organizations.

3. “Anti-doping rule violation” in sport means one or more of the following:

(a) the presence of a prohibited substance or its metabolites or markers in an athlete’s bodily specimen;

(b) use or attempted use of a prohibited substance or a prohibited method;

(c) refusing, or failing without compelling justification, to submit to sample collection after notification as authorized in applicable anti-doping rules or otherwise evading sample collection;

(d) violation of applicable requirements regarding athlete availability for out-of-competition testing, including failure to provide required whereabouts information and missed tests which are declared based on reasonable rules;

(e) tampering, or attempting to tamper, with any part of doping control;

(f) possession of prohibited substances or methods;

(g) trafficking in any prohibited substance or prohibited method;

(h) administration or attempted administration of a prohibited substance or prohibited method to any athlete, or assisting, encouraging, aiding, abetting, covering up or any other type of complicity involving an anti-doping rule violation or any attempted violation.

4. “Athlete” means, for the purposes of doping control, any person who participates in sport at the international or national level as defined by each national anti-doping organization and accepted by States Parties and any additional person who participates in a sport or event at a lower level accepted by States Parties. For the purposes of education and training programmes, “athlete” means any person who participates in sport under the authority of a sports organization.

5. “Athlete support personnel” means any coach, trainer, manager, agent, team staff, official, medical or paramedical personnel working with or treating athletes participating in or preparing for sports competition.

6. “Code” means the World Anti-Doping Code adopted by the World Anti-Doping Agency on 5 March 2003 at Copenhagen which is attached as Appendix 1 to this Convention.

7. “Competition” means a single race, match, game or singular athletic contest.

8. “Doping control” means the process including test distribution planning, sample collection and handling, laboratory analysis, results management, hearings and appeals.

9. “Doping in sport” means the occurrence of an anti-doping rule violation.

10. “Duly authorized doping control teams” means doping control teams operating under the authority of international or national anti-doping organizations.

11. “In-competition” testing means, for purposes of differentiating between in-competition and out-of-competition testing, unless provided otherwise in the rules of an international federation or other relevant anti-doping organization, a test where an athlete is selected for testing in connection with a specific competition.

12. “International Standard for Laboratories” means the standard which is attached as Appendix 2 to this Convention.

13. “International Standard for Testing” means the standard which is attached as Appendix 3 to this Convention.

14. “No advance notice” means a doping control which takes place with no advance warning to the athlete and where the athlete is continuously chaperoned from the moment of notification through sample provision.

15. “Olympic Movement” means all those who agree to be guided by the Olympic Charter and who recognize the authority of the International Olympic Committee, namely the international federations of sports on the programme of the Olympic Games, the National Olympic Committees, the Organizing Committees of the Olympic Games, athletes, judges and referees, associations and clubs, as well as all the organizations and institutions recognized by the International Olympic Committee.

16. “Out-of-competition” doping control means any doping control which is not conducted in competition.

17. “Prohibited List” means the list which appears in Annex I to this Convention identifying the prohibited substances and prohibited methods.

18. “Prohibited method” means any method so described on the Prohibited List, which appears in Annex I to this Convention.

19. “Prohibited substance” means any substance so described on the Prohibited List, which appears in Annex I to this Convention.

20. “Sports organization” means any organization that serves as the ruling body for an event for one or several sports.

21. “Standards for Granting Therapeutic Use Exemptions” means those standards that appear in Annex II to this Convention.

22. “Testing” means the parts of the doping control process involving test distribution planning, sample collection, sample handling and sample transport to the laboratory.

23. “Therapeutic use exemption” means an exemption granted in accordance with Standards for Granting Therapeutic Use Exemptions.

24. “Use” means the application, ingestion, injection or consumption by any means whatsoever of any prohibited substance or prohibited method.

25. “World Anti-Doping Agency” (WADA) means the foundation so named established under Swiss law on 10 November 1999.