Article Comparison - Maritime Labour Convention - The Regulations and the Code
Purpose: To promote career and skill development and employment opportunities for seafarers
1. Each Member shall have national policies to promote employment in the maritime sector and to encourage career and skill development and greater employment opportunities for seafarers domiciled in its territory.
Standard A2.8 - Career and skill development and employment opportunities for seafarers
1. Each Member shall have national policies that encourage career and skill development and employment opportunities for seafarers, in order to provide the maritime sector with a stable and competent workforce.
2. The aim of the policies referred to in paragraph 1 of this Standard shall be to help seafarers strengthen their competencies, qualifications and employment opportunities.
3. Each Member shall, after consulting the shipowners' and seafarers' organizations concerned, establish clear objectives for the vocational guidance, education and training of seafarers whose duties on board ship primarily relate to the safe operation and navigation of the ship, including ongoing training.
Guideline B2.8 - Career and skill development and employment opportunities for seafarers
Guideline B2.8.1 - Measures to promote career and skill development and employment opportunities for seafarers
1. Measures to achieve the objectives set out in Standard A2.8 might include:
(a) agreements providing for career development and skills training with a shipowner or an organization of shipowners; or
(b) arrangements for promoting employment through the establishment and maintenance of registers or lists, by categories, of qualified seafarers; or
(c) promotion of opportunities, both on board and ashore, for further training and education of seafarers to provide for skill development and portable competencies in order to secure and retain decent work, to improve individual employment prospects and to meet the changing technology and labour market conditions of the maritime industry.
Guideline B2.8.2 - Register of seafarers
1. Where registers or lists govern the employment of seafarers, these registers or lists should include all occupational categories of seafarers in a manner determined by national law or practice or by collective agreement.
2. Seafarers on such a register or list should have priority of engagement for seafaring.
3. Seafarers on such a register or list should be required to be available for work in a manner to be determined by national law or practice or by collective agreement.
4. To the extent that national laws or regulations permit, the number of seafarers on such registers or lists should be periodically reviewed so as to achieve levels adapted to the needs of the maritime industry.
5. When a reduction in the number of seafarers on such a register or list becomes necessary, all appropriate measures should be taken to prevent or minimize detrimental effects on seafarers, account being taken of the economic and social situation of the country concerned.